Posts Tagged ‘National Housing Corporation’

Chinese cry foul over Duran Farm housing project

April 25, 2018 Leave a comment

See Also: Port Moresby’s housing crisis just got worse – Duran Farm Development rotten to the core

Source: The National

NATIONAL Capital District Governor Powes Parkop is concerned about the poor management of the joint Chinese-PNG government public housing project.

Parkop was told by a Chinese investor during a visit to China that he had being “misled” by the National Housing Corporation over the development of the multimillion kina housing project at Duran farm in Port Moresby .

Parkop said the Shenzhen-based Yinjiang industry expressed the concern during a visit to China by Parkop, Moresby South MP Justin Tkatchenko, city manager Bernard Kipit, city engineer Frank Ravu and financial adviser Augustine Ravi.

They went to Shenzhen city in China for a meeting on a sister city arrangement.

Parkop said the Yinjiang industry officials told the delegation in front of Shenzhen city deputy mayor Ai Xuefeng that they had invested K30 million in the housing project at Duran farm.

Parkop said they felt like they had been “taken for a ride”.

“It is a bit embarrassment for us to meet this type of problem when we are promoting investor confidence for more Chinese investment in PNG,” he said.

Parkop said the Yinjiang industry had already built 100 homes.

He said the NHC should have provided line services such as roads, sewerage, electricity and water to the project site.

“They have spent K30 million already and are getting nothing in return. So it doesn’t represent a good image of PNG,” he said.

He said they would raise the concern with Housing Minister John Kaupa. “I hope we can solve this problem so they can partner with us (NCDC) in the long run,” Parkop said.

Parkop said the National Capital District Commission’s housing project hoped to develop settlements into suburbs.

Kaupa had recently expressed his concern over how the housing project at Duran farm had been managed.


National Housing Corporation – Another property sold off under irregular circumstances

April 22, 2017 2 comments

Late last year, residents of the Tokara NHC Hostel lost their court action against the National Housing Corporation (NHC), and Aees Real Estate Limited. Evicted residents claimed they had been wrongfully removed from the property. It was also claimed that the sale to Aees Real Estate was illegal. 

Justice Hartshorn, a judge known for being unsympathetic to the ‘little’ people, dismissed the proceedings with costs. He argued residents had failed to pursue the case through correct legal procedure.

The short judgement does not disclose the sale price of the NHC property to Aees Real Estate Limited.

However, this sale needs urgent review.

It can be revealed Aees Real Estate Limited’s largest shareholder and Director is Anthony Waira.

Up until the 2007, Waira was the principal legal officer at the National Housing Corporation.

Given that the Public Accounts Committee has found that many NHC properties are being sold off, under value, to private developers, with the proceeds being laundered and stolen – there is a need for vigilance with all NHC transactions.

This is especially the case when the purchaser is the former legal counsel for the NHC.

Defence Minister illegally acquired Boroko home

January 26, 2017 6 comments
Defence Minister Fabian Pok illegally acquired a house in Boroko from the National Housing Corporation

Defence Minister Fabian Pok illegally acquired a house in Boroko from the National Housing Corporation

The National Court has ordered Defence Minister Fabian Pok give up the title to a home he illegally acquired from the National Housing Corporation (see newspaper report below).

Justice Canning’s has described the decision to allow Pok to buy the house – at a value less than that quoted to the home’s occupier – as  “favors being done to big men.”

Not only was Pok not entitled in law to acquire the house, he purchased it without it being advertised and with no competitive bidding process.

MP’s title forfeited over fraud charges

Source: Post Courier

THE title to a property in Boroko, National Capital District was forfeited from Defence Minister Dr Fabian Pok after the National Court declared its acquisition a “case of constructive fraud.”

The ruling was handed down by Justice David Cannings last Friday who also ordered the National Housing Corporation to sell it at a lesser price to Vaki Vailala who had been occupying it for 23 years.

He said Mr Pok was not an eligible buyer according to the three requirements set out in Division IV, 4, Section 37 of the National Housing Corporation Act.

In 1994, Vaki Vailala moved into Section 6, Lot 45, Kanu Place, Boroko when he was a surveyor with the Department of Lands and Physical Planning.

In 2005, he found employment within the private sector and began paying rent to NHC.

During his occupancy, MrVilala made three offers to purchase the property but received no response from NHC.

In May 2013, Mr Pok wrote under the letter head “Office of the Minister for Defence,” expressing his interest in “any property that is available for sale.”

Five months later, the NHC managing director, John Dege offered to sell to Mr Vailala for K529, 599.60 with conditions that he accept within 14 days and make a 10 per cent deposit.

Mr Vailala asked for an extension of time to arrange finance.

14 days later, Mr Dege cancelled the offer due to Mr Vailala’s failure to comply with conditions and sold the property to Mr Pok at a price K 4065. 60 less than the one he had offered Mr Vailala.

Mr Vailala was given seven days to vacate so initiated the legal proceedings and an interim stay was issued.

Justice Cannings found the circumstance of the sale suspicious as it seemed like “favors being done to big men.”

“There were no evidence that any other person was offered this property, the sale of the property was not advertised and there was no competitive bidding,” he said.

The court found the NHC offer to Mr Vailala unreasonable as it came with little notice five years after his last offer to sell and an extension of deadline was never given that Mr Vailala had been living on the land for over 20 years.

Justice Cannings advised Mr Pok to seek refund from NHC as he was prejudiced; he had invested more than half a million in the property and has not been able to occupy it for one day since he bought it almost three years ago.

O’Neill’s housing amnesia strikes again

September 5, 2016 1 comment


The Prime Minister has recently called for an investigation into the National Housing Corporation, owing to allegations of misconduct and mismanagement. 

It must be asked, why? The NHC has already been investigated, numerous times. On each occasion it was found to be systemically corrupt.  

No serious reform has been implemented of the NHC. A report by the the National Research Institute explains why:

‘Political leaders, bureaucrats and their associates … have plundered that [NHC] organization of its assets and resources. It has been used as a cash cow for politicians, cronies and officials over the years at the expense of ordinary Papua New Guineans where their rights to affordable shelter have been abused through such dealings’.

Actually worse than simply failing to reform the NHC, the O’Neill government has set up an even more pernicious, alternative housing body. In response to NHC mismanagement in 2012 the government transfered all the corporation’s properties to a shadowy new organisation, the National Housing Estate Limited.

In December 2012 the Post-Courier reported:

‘NHEL has acquired more than 50 prime properties formerly owned by NHC in Port Moresby alone and will purchase 500 more throughout the country with more acquisitions to follow in the New Year’.

The paper added:

‘the Government has earmarked K200 million from the K6 billion from the Exim Bank of China for NHEL to purchase existing NHC properties in Port Moresby and other provincial centres’.  

Has this improved the situation? Nope. 

Related content: Gross mismanagement of Papua New Guinea’s public housing stock continues

NHEL is in effect a private company, albeit with Ministerial shareholders, which steadfastly refuses to open its books to the Auditor General’s Office, assuming any are kept.

Second from left, NHEL CEO Kevin Ahipum and senior managers with his top management.

Second from left, NHEL CEO Kevin Ahipum and senior managers refuse to open their books for auditing or comply with IPA reporting requirements

Nor will it open up its books to the Investment Promotion Authority, as required under law. The last annual return submitted by NHEL to the Investment Promotion Authority covered 2009. Nothing has been submitted since. This is a violation of the Companies Act 1997.

If the O’Neill government’s plan to tackle NHC corruption in 2012, was to transfer its assets to an opaque, obstinate corporate vehicle, one can only shudder to think what its next plan will consist of…

Gross mismanagement of Papua New Guinea’s public housing stock continues

March 14, 2016 1 comment
Second from left, NHEL CEO Kevin Ahipum and senior managers with his top management.

Second left, NHEL Director and CEO Kevin Ahipum and senior managers have not submitted financial statements since 2009 or had their books audited

It was announced in 2012 that in order to tackle corruption inside the National Housing Corporation, all NHC assets would be transferred to a private corporate entity the National Housing Estate Limited (NHEL).

Lets carefully consider the logic of this move. To tackle corruption, assets held by a public body governed by a statute passed by the national parliament, are going to be transferred into the hands of an opaque private entity, which is not formally accountable to the public in any way.

Makes sense don’t it?!?

If SABLs are the vehicle of choice for a land grab, NHEL appears to be a perfect front for grabbing the proceeds from Papua New Guinea’s public housing stock.

The last annual return submitted by NHEL to the Investment Promotion Authority covered 2009. Nothing has been submitted since. This is a violation of the Companies Act 1997.

A corporate Directors failure to submit an annual is punishable by a fine of K10,000. So lets see now if the Investment Promotion Authority will level fines against NHEL’s Directors Kevin Ahipum, Michael Barobe, Luke Karepe, Kevin Ngangan and John Witne.

See also: Port Moresby’s housing crisis just got worse – Duran Farm Development rotten to the core

The Auditor General has had no luck either opening NHEL’s books. In their most recent audit report on nationally owned companies, the Auditor General’s Office observes NHEL ‘had not submitted its financial statements for the years ended 31 December 2010, 2011, 2012 & 2013 for my inspection and audit despite numerous reminders from my Office’.

Since incorporation the company has issued two shares, one is held by the Minister for Housing and Urban Development, Paul Isikiel, the other is held by James Marape the Finance Minister.

Do they own the company on trust for the people of Papua New Guinea, or in a private capacity? Its not clear.

Although the company’s constitution states the Ministers’ hold the shares on trust, they have utterly failed to safeguard NHEL assets. The company has not been audited and its financial records are hidden from public view.

And what of NHEL’s website, take a look for yourself – does it suggest a well managed and financially transparent company?

It is time for the Auditor General to conduct a special investigation into NHEL, and to begin criminal proceedings against anyone found to be responsible for misappropriation of NHEL assets.

Port Moresby’s housing crisis just got worse – Duran Farm Development rotten to the core

November 3, 2014 12 comments

The National Housing Corporation and the National Housing Estate Limited are two of the most corrupt institutions in the nation. For years they have treated the national housing estate as the private property of senior executives. Public servants from around the country have been made homeless at the behest of NHC head, John Dege, so land and property can be sold off to foreign speculators.

housing project signing

So where do public servants go, and where do the nation’s booming number of urban working families go? Never fear, the NHC and NHEL will now be working with the private sector to build low cost housing.

In June this year the Prime Minister announced that NHC/NHEL would facilitate the construction of 40,000 houses at Duran farm outside Port Moresby, through offshore financing to the tune of K1.3 billion. Worried yet?

The contractor awarded the job do oversee this mammoth development was Niule No 16, a shelf company owned by PNG lawyer Henry Hennry and Australian businessman Kamran Samimi. Nuile No 16 claims to have secured US$500 million in financing, and a ‘world class’ construction company, China State Construction & Engineering Company.

Did we mention, China State Construction & Engineering Company has been blacklisted by the World Bank for fraud and corruption.

So lets recap, the O’Neill government, in a bid to counteract a major housing crisis, entrusts John Dege and cronies at the NHC/NHEL, who then proceed to contract with a shelf company, Nuile No. 16. This shelf company of two little known figures, has managed to secure half a billion US dollars finance, and a construction company blacklisted by the World Bank. Good.

Now only several months after the PM’s historic announcement, the joint venture has gone to the courts, with Nuile alleging that NHC/NHEL have a) illegally sold land to be used for the project, and b) made identical joint venture agreements with other players, in violation of their contractual obligations.

Their statement of claim is included below.

While the state fails to provide working families with an affordable housing solution, people are forced to subsist in settlements, living day to day, knowing that at any time their world could be turned upside down by a corrupt deal, and a criminal developer, come to grab the land, and burn out the community.

The citizens of this country deserve better!

Niule No. 16 v National Housing Corporation, the National Housing Estate Limited, and the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, WS 1136 of 2014


The Plaintiff, Niule No. 16 Limited is a duly incorporated company under the Companies Act 1997 (“Niule”).

At all material times to these proceedings the First Defendant, National Housing Corporation (“NHC”) is;

(i) a corporation established pursuant to Section 5 of the National Housing Corporation Act 1990 (the Act); and

(ii) amongst others as stipulated under the Act mandated to facilitate the development of a private market in low to mid-cost housing that is affordable for housing finance for low to medium income citizens of Papua New Guinea; and

(iii) is capable of suing and being sued in its corporate name under s. 5(1 )(e) of the Act.

The Second Defendant, National Housing Estate Ltd, (“NHEL”):

(i) is a company duly incorporated under the Companies Act; and

(ii) is the business/commercial arm of NHC; and

(iii) has been charged by NHC with, amongst others, the responsibility to provide affordable housing in Papua New Guinea; and

(iv) capable of suing and being sued in its corporate name

The Third Defendant is the Independent State of Papua New Guinea

One the 5th of September 2013, Niule, NHC and NHEL (the Parties) entered into a written joint venture Agreement (the Tripartite Agreement) for Niule to construct 30 000 low to medium cost residential homes in Port Moresby, National Capital District on land to be provided by NHEL (the land).


(a) Niule and NHEL as joint ventures undertake to develop the land;

(b) NHC and NHEL are to make available to Niule 30,000 block of land for the development and construction of all civil works, infrastructure and the residential homes (cl. 7)(a) with 1,000 lots to be made available on or before 5th September 2014 and 5, 000 per annum thereafter (cl.7(b);

(c) NHC and NHEL to appoint and engage Niule as the exclusive contractor for planning, design, civil works and infrastructure development on the land (cl. 5);

(d) NHC and NHEL to appoint Niule as the exclusive contractor responsible for construction of dwelling houses on the land (cl. 6);

(e) NHEL to provide Niule a separate piece of land in its name upon which to construct a prefabrication factory for the construction and assembly of houses (cl. 8);

(f) NHC to meet regularly with Niule to determine the stages of the development, number and type of houses constructed at each stage and sale price (cl. 14);

(g) NHC and NHEL to make available to Niule land required as a lay-down area for the storage of materials plant and equipment (cl. 17);

(h) NHC to execute, sign and do all further or other acts, deed, documents, matters and things necessary, desirable or convenient to give effect to the provisions of the agreement and the matters and transactions contemplated by the agreement (cl. 29);

(i) NHC guarantees NHEL’s performance of and obligations under the terms of the Tripartite Agreement (cl. 35);

On 16th October 2013 Niule and NHC entered into a Deed of Guarantee with respect to the Tripartite Agreement (the Guarantee).

Minister for Housing and Urbanization, Hon Paul Isikiel in his own capacity and for and on behalf of the State:

(a) Guaranteed NHEL and NHC’s performance of all of NHEL and NHC’s obligations under the Tripartite Agreement; and

(b) Indemnified Niule against any loss or damage it may suffer as result of NHEL and/or NHC’s failure to carry out all of their duties and obligations under the Tripartite Agreement.

On the 1st November 2013 the parties entered into and executed under seal the Supplementary Joint Venture Agreement in further performance of the parties obligations under the Tripartite Agreement and the Guarantee (Supplementary JV).


(a) The land upon which the development was to be carried out was to be Portion 528, Milinch Granville, Fourmil Moresby, National Capital District otherwise known as “Duran Farm” (rec 1) (the housing land);

(b) The Housing Land was to be provided to Niule to enable construction of infrastructure on the housing land and to construct thereon low/medium cost housing (rec. 2);

(c) NHC and NHEL to cause the transfer of Section 35 Allotment 03 Boroko, Granville, Moresby, National Capital District being all that land contained in Volume 45 Folio 224 comprising an area of 2.738 hectares to establish a factory for the manufacture and assembly of affordable houses (the factory land) (rec 3);

(d) By Deed of Guarantee & Indemnity dated 16 October 2013, The Independent State of Papua New Guinea through the Minister for Housing & Urban Development Hon. Paul Isikiel guaranteed & Indemnified Niule as to NHEL’s obligations and performance of the Tripartite Agreement (rec 4);

(e) NHC and NHEL to pay Niule directly for all civil works to be carried out on the housing hand (rec 5(c));

(f) NHC and NHEL to pay Niule a deposit not less than 40% of the costs of civil works on account of the costs of such works on or before January 2014 (rec 5(e);

(g) Upon receipt of invoices from Niule for civil and construction works, NHC and NHEL will pay in a prompt manner (rec. 5(f));

(h) NHC and NHEL take all necessary steps to facilitate Niule’s performance of civil and construction works (clause 8(j));

(i) NHC and NHEL to arrange for release of deposits from end buyers to Niule prior to beginning of construction to be uitilised by Niule to meet mobilization costs and expenses (clause 14);

(j) NHC and NHEL to grant Niule equitable interest in the Housing Land to enable Niule to use such title to the Housing Land as Security for any mortgage that Niule would seek to provide any third party financier or construction company (clause 15)

(k) To grant Niule “first right of option” for all infrastructure works on the housing land (clause 16)

(l) NHC and NHEL not to any time interfere with or obstruct any of Niule’s works on the housing land or elsewhere in Papua New Guinea, now or in the future (clause 18)

(m) NHC and NHEL not to compete with or have other compete with Niule either directly or indirectly with respect to any matter under the Tripartite Agreement or the Supplementary JV (clause 19).
In performance of its obligations under the Tripartite Agreement and the Supplementary JV, Niule has:

(a) Sourced international funding of up to US$500,000,000;

(b) Secured and obtained Venture Finance Insurance with SINOSUR an internationally renowned venture finance insurer for the developments;

(c) Secured China State Construction & Engineering Company (CSCEC) an international leading construction company to carry out the developments;

SINOSUR as a further requirements to underwriting the venture requested through Niule that NHC and NHEL provide an addendum to the Guarantee signed by both the Minister for Finance and the Minister for Housing along with a proper law clause and jurisdiction clause and the Defendants were required under the Tripartite Agreement and the Supplementary JV to secure execution of that Addendum but did not and have not done so.

NHC as part performance of its and NHEL’s obligations under the Tripartite and JV Agreement did on 9th January 2014 execute a Contract for Sale and Transfer Instrument with Niule in respect of the Factory Land to Niule with an undertaking to immediately effect a transfer of title to the Factory Land to Niule.

On around late May 2014, Niule discovered that the Factory Land had been sold by the NHEL and NHC to a third party for approximately K3.5 million.

On around early August 2014, Niule became aware that NHC and NHEL were about to sign contracts similar to those signed with Niule with a number of Chinese construction companies.

On 10 September 2014, the NHEL and NHC informed Niule in person that they had no intention of performing their obligations under the agreements signed with Niule.

The Defendants have also refused, neglected and/or failed to ensure the Addendum to Deed of Guarantee and Indemnity of 16 October 2013 was signed.

NHC and NHEL have therefore breached the Tripartite Agreement and the Supplementary Joint Venture Agreement.

In breach of their obligations under the Tripartite Agreement and the Supplementary JV the Defendants have;
a) Failed to provide Niule the land on which to construct the residential houses
b) Failed to make available to Niule 1,000 lots on or before 5 September 2014 for the development and construction of houses;
c) failed to make available to Niule land as lay down area for storage;
d) entered into negotiations with other contractors and companies to undertake civil infrastructure works and construction of the houses on the land;
e) failed to pay Niule a deposit of not less than 40% of the cost of civil works; and
f) Failed to ensure the Addendum to the Deed was executed and provided to Niule.

On 4th June 2014 the Plaintiff issued the First and Second Defendants a Notice of misleading and deceptive conduct (the Breach Notice).

It was an expressed term and condition of the Supplementary JV that the parties acknowledged that damages would be an adequate remedy for any breach and that Niule was entitled to seek order for specific performance by the Defendants of their obligations under the Tripartite Agreement, the Guarantee and the Supplementary JV.

Throughout the period from November 2013 to the date of issue of these proceedings the Plaintiff has attempted to mediate the dispute the subject to the Breach Notice but the Defendants have failed to proceed with any bona fide attempt at resolution or any attempt at resolution of the dispute as set out in the Breach Notice.


(i) An Order that the First and Second Defendants have breached the Joint Venture Agreement of 5 September 2013, the Guarantee of 1 October 2013 and the Supplementary Joint Venture Agreement of 1 November 2013.

(ii) An Order that the Joint Venture Agreement of 5 September 2013 is a valid and binding agreement enforceable as against the defendants.

(iii) An Order that the Guarantee of 16 October 2013 is a valid and enforceable deed enforceable as against the defendants

(iv) An Order that the Supplementary JV of 1 November 2013 is a valid and enforceable deed enforceable as against the Defendants.

(v) An Order for specific performance that the Defendants take all reasonable and appropriate steps to immediately rectify the respective breaches and fully perform their duties, responsibilities and obligations under the Joint Venture and Supplementary Joint Venture Agreements.

(vi) That the Defendants pay Niule damages caused by the notified breaches of the Joint Venture Agreement and the Supplementary JV. [Particulars of the damages to be provided prior to trial.

(vii) Special Damages. [Particulars of the damages to be provided prior to trial].

(viii) Costs of these proceedings.

(ix) Any other orders the Court deems appropriate.

UK Human Rights Initiative raises concerns over Paga Hill eviction

June 12, 2014 7 comments

The International State Crime Initiative

The International State Crime Initiative (ISCI), a research centre based out of King’s College London, has condemned the handling of the recent eviction at Paga Hill.

The head of their Papua New Guinea section, Dr Kristian Lasslett, puts the recent eviction exercise in historical context:

“There is a complex history to Paga Hill. Many of its residents have been residing there since the 1960s, with permission from the land’s customary owners, or in the case of the National Housing Corporations residents, as legal tenants. However, during the 1970s the High Court of Australia decided the land had been legally acquired by the colonial administration. As a result Paga Hill has passed through the porous hands of two of the most corrupt institutions in PNG, the Land Board and the Department of Lands”.

Dr Lasslett has repeated ISCI’s long standing concerns over how a state lease was then acquired by the developer, the Paga Hill Development Company (PHDC).

“In 2000 the Paga Hill Development Company – a concern headed by Gudmundur Fridriksson – was granted a 99 year state lease over Paga Hill. A subsequent Public Accounts Committee report published in 2006, alleges that the lease was acquired through ‘corrupt dealings’ by a ‘foreign speculator’”, Dr Lasslett claims.

He continues, “while the Public Accounts Committee recommended the lease be forfeited, in 2009 the Land Board issued a fresh 99 year lease to PHDC, with the ground rent substantially reduced – according to the 2006 Public Accounts Committee report, PHDC were in sizable arrears. This laid the foundations for a brutal forced eviction in May 2012 where police attacked residents with machetes, and used live ammunition to disperse crowds, while bulldozers demolished homes”.

Dr Lasslett notes this 2012 eviction exercise was stopped when community leaders obtained an injunction from the National Court. Since then there has been a legal stalemate at Paga Hill.

Reflecting on the more recent eviction of National Housing Corporation residents, which has received extensive coverage in the national press, Dr Lasslett observes:

“On the 29th May this year, residents of upper Paga, an area populated by civil servants living in National Housing Corporation properties, lost their Supreme Court appeal. Two days later police arrived to ‘expedite’ the eviction process”.

The International State Crime Initiative has obtained evidence which appears to contradict a media release issued by Acting Metropolitan Superintendent N’dranou Perou who suggested the eviction was “peaceful” and “orderly”.

“I have now heard multiple accounts, and they all say the same thing. There were thugs, armed with bush knives and axes who threatened residents, along with gun toting police. Residents were not permitted to take photos, only carefully sanitised set pieces with the media were allowed”, Dr Lasslett argues.

One example of the testimony provided to the International State Crime Initiative comes from a National Housing Corporation resident who claims, “it’s a scary scenario when you are not given enough time to prepare your household stuff with policemen with their guns and the developer hired certain ethnic groups of people … [We were] just watching them carrying their bush knives, it makes you wonder, what will be the next thing to happen to your life, only God knows! Policemen would not allow us take pictures and they even confiscated our tenants chairman’s phone for taking shots”.

According to residents, homes were ransacked and personal property destroyed during the forced eviction. The International State Crime Initiative has obtained photographs that appear to verify this claim (see Appendix A). Displaced families were then moved by the developer to land at six-mile, which PHDC claims they have purchased for Paga Hill residents.

The land is in fact customarily owned, and cannot be purchased. According to recent reports on Radio New Zealand, displaced residents are now being told they must enter into a rental agreement with the traditional owners, a difficult prospect for those who have lost their source of income as a result of the recent upheavals, and who lack bargaining power now that they are homeless.

Dr Lasslett concludes:

“This has to be seen in context. The development’s mastermind, Paga Hill Development Company’s CEO Gudmundur Fridriksson, is not a blue chip executive, he is a man who came to PNG in the mid 1990s, and since then his stable of companies have been censured in no less than four Public Accounts Committee reports and two Auditor General’s Office reports”.

“Indeed, he has been accused by PNG’s auditing agencies of corruption, and benefiting to the tune of many millions of kina from a range of alleged illegal dealings. ISCI has published these reports online, we have raised the alarm, we have petitioned politicians, and the police, no one seems to care”.

The UK research centre claims they will continue to support the community at Paga Hill, and will be bringing their case to a range of international bodies, including the UN Special Rapporteur on Housing.


Dr Kristian Lasslett
International State Crime Initiative


Appendix A – Photographs of Properties Allegedly Ransacked During the Eviction on 31 May 2014

Upper Paga Hill 2 June 2014 Photo 1 (2)

A home at upper Paga allegedly destroyed during the 31 May 2014 eviction exercise

Homes lie in ruins at upper Paga following the May 31 eviction exercise.

Homes lie in ruins at upper Paga following the May 31 eviction exercise.

According to witnesses homes were torched during the eviction exercise.

According to witnesses homes were torched during the eviction exercise.

National Housing Corporation residents following the 31 May 2014 eviction exercise.

National Housing Corporation residents following the 31 May 2014 eviction exercise.